1. Consider the following statements about Tropical Storms: 1. The place where a tropical cyclone crosses the coast is called the landfall of the cyclone. 2. The cyclones, which cross 20 ̊N latitude generally, recurve and they are more destructive. Which of the above statements is/are not correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: d Explanation: The energy that intensifies the storm, comes from the condensation process in the towering cumulonimbus clouds, surrounding the centre of the storm. With a continuous supply of moisture from the sea, the storm is further strengthened. On reaching the land the moisture supply is cut off and the storm dissipates. The place where a tropical cyclone crosses the coast is called the landfall of the cyclone. The cyclones, which cross 20 degrees N latitude generally, recurve and they are more destructive . So, both statements are correct. Therefore, the answer is d. 2. With reference to the Valley of Flowers National Park, consider the following statements: 1. It is designated as International Bird Area by Birdlife International. 2. It forms the core area of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both 1 and 2 d. None of the above Answer: b Explanation: It is not designated as an IBA. This entire area comprising of Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers is located within the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA). An Endemic Bird Area (EBA) is an area of land identified by BirdLife International as being important for habitat based bird conservation because it contains the habitats of restricted-range bird species, which are thereby endemic to them. So, statement 1 is not correct. Both Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park form the core area of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. So, statement 2 is correct. Therefore, the correct answer is b. Which of the following embroidery crafts are correctly matched with the States/UTs they are practised in? Embroidery crafts : States/UTs Chikankari embroidery : Karnataka Applique or Pipli work : Uttar Pradesh Kashida embroidery : Kashmir Kasuti embroidery : Odisha Select the correct answer using the code given below: a) 1 only b) 2 only c) 3 only d) 4 only Answer: c Explanation: Chikankari is a traditional embroidery style from Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh . Chikan is a delicate and artfully done hand embroidery on a variety of textile fabric like muslin, silk, chiffon, organza, net, etc. White thread is embroidered on cool, pastel shades of light muslin and cotton garments. The village of Pipili, Puri district, Odisha , is well known for its appliqué work . There are two variants to this technique: appliqué, where a fabric shape is sewn over a base layer, and reverse appliqué, wherein two layers of fabric are laid down, and a shape is subsequently cut out from the upper layer, exposing the lower layer, before both are stitched together. Kashida Embroidery, defines its cultural essence through the medium of bead and threadwork, which has gained maximum popularity, fame and recognition in the ethnic land of Jammu and Kashmir . The purest essence and forms of nature like birds, leaves, trees and many such natural motifs are replicated in this embroidery with multi-coloured threads and beads woven into the fabrics like shawls and saris. Kasuti is a traditional form of folk embroidery practised in the state of Karnataka. Kasuti work which is very intricate sometimes involves putting up to 5,000 stitches by hand and is traditionally made on dress wear like Ilkal sarees, Ravike and Angi or Kurta. Kasuti work involves embroidering very intricate patterns like gopura, chariot, palanquin, lamps and conch shells. Therefore, the correct answer is c. 4. Which of the following are the types of high clouds? 1. Altostratus 2. Cirrus 3. Cirrocumulus Select the correct answer using the code given below: a) 1 and 3 only b) 1 and 2 only c) 2 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: c Explanation: Types of clouds: ∙ high clouds – cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus; ∙ middle clouds – altostratus and altocumulus; ∙ low clouds – stratocumulus and nimbostratus and ∙ clouds with extensive vertical development – cumulus and cumulonimbus. Therefore, the correct answer is c. 5. Regarding the Araku Valley in India, which of the following statements is/are correct? 1. It is located in the Eastern Ghats of the Telangana State. 2. The region is also known for its coffee plantations. 3. Coal mining is also undertaken in the region. Select the correct answer using the code given below: a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 only c. 1 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3 Answer: b Explanation: Araku valley is a hill station located in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh and inhabited by various tribal groups. So, statement 1 is not correct. Araku is also known for its coffee plantations and boasts of manufacturing India’s first tribal growers’ organic coffee brand. The Arakunomics economic model of Naandi Foundation is a tribute to the tribal farmers of Araku region for the world-class coffee produced and launched in Paris in 2017. So, statement 2 is correct. In this region bauxite (and not coal) mining is undertaken. Any hill region in tropical regions of the world is rich in bauxite reserves. The Araku group of hills comprise of Chittamgondi, Raktakonda and Galikonda, which is also the highest peak of Andhra Pradesh. There have been many anti-mining protests here by the tribal groups. So, statement 3 is not correct. Therefore, the correct answer is b.