Does identity based politics weaken democracy by creating multiple fissures in society or strengthens it by increasing bargaining power of a collective group? Comment.
Introduce with the idea of democracy and the notion of individuality attached.
Discuss how the idea of identity which is parochial in nature creates many fissure : eg communalism , regionalism, majoritarianism , rise of far right groups.
Further how this process subverses the process of democracy by eroding accountability.
On the other hand how this identity work as pressure group, how it develops associational forms such KHAM( khastriya-harijan-ahir-muslim), AHINDA in karnataka thus balancing the power dynamics in society.
Conclude with shift towards pro development approach in the Indian polity.