1. The Thomasonian system of North-Western provinces is related to
Answer: (a) Explanation: Thomasonian system is related to vernacular education. It was named after Lieutenant- Governor of the North-Western Provinces James Thomson, a post he held for ten years. By 1853 he had also established a system of 897 locally supported elementary schools in centrally located villages that provided a vernacular education for children throughout the region. In these village schools, useful subjects such as mensuration and agriculture sciences were taught. The purpose was to train personnel for the newly set up Revenue and Public Works Department.
2. Which war is also called as “Auckland’s Folly”?
(a) Anglo-Nepal war
(b) Anglo-Burmese war
(c) Anglo-Afghan war
(d) Anglo-Sikh war
Answer: (c) Explanation: The First Anglo-Afghan War (also known as Disaster in Afghanistan) was fought between the British East India Company led by Lord Auckland, the Governor-General of India and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1839 to 1842. The war is notorious for the loss of 4,500 British and Indian soldiers, plus 12,000 of their camp followers to Afghan tribal fighters. In 1842 some 700 European soldiers, 3,800 Indian sepoys and 14,000 civilian staff fled Kabul in the deep chill of winter. The British occupation of Afghanistan, in place since 1839, was no longer tenable. A week later a single survivor from this fleet staggered into view at the British-held fort at Jalalabad in eastern Afghanistan. It was “a war begun for no wise purpose” and thus called “Auckland’s folly” and one that need never has taken
place. It would stand as the worst British military disaster until the fall of Singapore exactly a century later. Fearing a Russian attack on its most treasured possession, Britain looked to secure Kabul. It would have been easy simply to make a pact with Afghanistan’s ruler, Dost Mohammad. Instead Britain backed Shah Shuja, the deposed king, who had been living in exile in India for three decades. Thus began the “Great Game”, an entirely unnecessary competition for Afghanistan between Russia and Britain. The war cost £15m - about £50 billion ($80 billion) in today’s money - and the lives of 40,000 people, 50,000 camels and at least one cat.
3. Consider the following statements regarding the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856):
(1) In Bengal, the reform achieved imminent success.
(2) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was the main activists behind this Act.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: (b) Explanation: The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856, also Act XV, 1856, enacted on 26 July 1856, legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows in all jurisdictions of India under East India Company rule. Statement 1 is incorrect - In Bengal, the reform did not achieve imminent success. Later, during the 1890s in Western India, Prof. D.K. Karve took up the cause and in Madras Presidency; K.V. Pantulu made efforts in the same direction in 1880s. Statement 2 is correct - The Act of 1856, enacted in response to the campaign of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, provided legal safeguards against loss of certain forms of inheritance for remarrying a Hindu widow, though, under the Act, the widow forsook any inheritance due her from her deceased husband. Especially targeted in the act were Hindu child widows whose husbands had died before consummation of marriage.
4. Consider the following statements:
(1) Printing Press in India was introduced by the Portuguese in Goa.
(2) The English East India Company set up its first printing press in Bombay.
(3) The first Censorship of Press Act was introduced by Lord Amherst.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation: Statement 1 is correct: The art of printing first entered India through Goa. Printing operations began in Goa in 1556 (with the first printing press being established at the Jesuit Saint Paul's College in Old Goa), resulting in the publication of Conclusiones Philosophicas. Statement 2 is correct: In 1674-75 at Bombay, East India Company established its first press, with only a Latin typeface. Statement 3 is incorrect: Lord Wellesley imposed severe censorship on all newspapers. The Censorship of the Press Act, 1799, (which was the first censorship act) imposed almost wartime restrictions on the press. These regulations required: 1. The newspaper was to clearly print in every issue the name of the printer, the editor and the proprietor. 2. The publisher was to submit all material for pre-censorship to the Secretary to the Government. 3. The breach of these rules was punishable with immediate deportation. In 1807 the Censorship Act was extended to cover journals, pamphlets and even books. The relaxation of press restrictions came under Lord Hastings.
5. After which war was Kashmir transferred to Maharaja Gulab Singh by the British?
(a) First Anglo-Sikh war
(b) Second Anglo-Sikh war
(c) First Anglo-Afghan war
(d) Second Anglo-Afghan war
Answer: (a) Explanation: The First Anglo-Sikh War was fought between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846. It resulted in partial subjugation of the Sikh kingdom. After the war, In the Treaty of Lahore on 9 March 1846, the Sikhs were made to surrender the valuable region (the Jullundur Doab) between the Beas River and Sutlej River. The Lahore Durbar was also required to pay an indemnity of 15 million rupees. Because it could not readily raise this sum, it ceded Kashmir, Hazarah and all the forts, territories, rights and interests in the hill countries situated between the Rivers Beas and Indus to the East India Company, as equivalent to ten million of rupees. In a later separate arrangement (the Treaty of Amritsar), the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, purchased Kashmir from the East India Company for a payment of 7.5 million rupees and was granted the title Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir.