1. The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined (a) the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature (b) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments (c) the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy (d) None of the above (b) The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which became the Government of India Act in 1919 clearly defined the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments. 2. Satya ShodhakSamaj organized (a) a movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar (b) a temple-entry movement in Gujarat (c) an anti-caste movement in Maharashtra (d) a peasant movement in Punjab (c) Satyashodhak Samaj is a society established by Jyotirao Phule on September 24, 1873. This was started as a group whose main aim was to liberate the social shudra and untouchable castes from exploitation and oppression. Ref:Class 12 NCERT History, Page 130. 3. The Montague-Chelmsford Proposals were related to (a) social reforms (b) educational reforms (c) reforms in police administration (d) constitutional reforms (d) (i) The Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms were reforms introduced by the British Government in India to introduce self-governing institutions gradually to India. The reforms were outlined in the Montagu- Chelmsford Report prepared in 1918 and formed the basis of the Government of India Act 1919. (ii) They’re related to Constitutional reforms. 4. Consider the following : 1. Calcutta Unitarian Committee 2. Tabernacle of New Dispensation 3. Indian Reform Association Keshab Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above? (a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 (b) In 1881, Keshab Chandra Sen established NabaBidhan (New Dispensation) meaning new universalist religion after having differences within BrahmoSamaj. He was also part of Indian reform association to legalize Brahmo marriage and to fix minimum age of marriage. Calcutta Unitarian Committee was formed by Raja Rammohan Roy, Dwarkanath Tagore and William Adam, hence irrelevant to the question. Hence Answer (b) only 2 and 3 . 5. What was the main reason for the split in the Indian National Congress at Surat in 1907? (a) Introduction of communalism into Indian politics by Lord Minto (b) Extremists’ lack of faith in the capacity of the moderates to negotiate with the British Government (c) Foundation of Muslim League (d) Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be elected as the President of the Indian National Congress (b) (i) Extremists and moderates both seemed to be locking horns. The Extremists thought that the people had been encouraged and the battle for freedom had begun. They felt the time had come for the big push to drive the British out and considered the Moderates to be a stumbling block to the movement. (ii) So, Surat split occurred because extremists were dissatisfied with Moderates’ capacity to negotiate with the British.