1. The Constitution of India recognises : (a) only religious minorities (b) only linguistic minorities (c) religious and linguistic minorities (d) religious, linguistic and ethnic minorities (c) The Constitution of India recognizes religious and linguistic minorities under article 29 and 30 (Cultural and Educational rights). However it does not define the term Minority. 2. Consider the following statements: An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by the: 1. Lok Sabha 2. Rajya Sabha 3. State Legislature 4. President Which of the above statements is/are correct? (a) Only 1 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1 and 2 (d) An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by either House of Parliament under article 368. It does not require the President's recommendation. 3. Consider the following statements about the recent amendments to the elections law by the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 1996: 1. Any conviction for the offence of insulting the Indian National flag or the Constitution of Indian shall entail disqualification for contesting elections to Parliament and State Legislatures for six year from the date of conviction 2. There is an increase in the security deposit which a candidate has to make to contest the election to the Lok Sabha 3. A candidate cannot now stand for election from more than one Parliament Constituency 4. No election will now be countermanded on the death of a contesting candidate Which of the above statements are correct? (a) 2 and 3 (b) 1, 2 and 4 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (b) Statement 3 is incorrect as a candidate shall not be allowed to contest from more than two constituencies, it also adds options 1 and 2. 4. The 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 refers to the: (a) generation of gainful employment for the unemployed and the under employed men and women in rural areas (b) generation of employment for the able bodied adults who are in need and desirous of work during the lean agricultural season (c) laying the foundation for strong and vibrant Panchayati Raj institutions in the country (d) guarantee of right to life, liberty and security of person, equality before law and equal protection without discrimination (c) 73rd Amendment Act added Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution and Part IX, which provides for the Panchayati Raj System. 5. Which Article of the Constitution provides that it shall be the endeavour of every state to provide adequate facility for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education? (a) Article 349 (b) Article 350 (c) Article 350-A (d) Article 351 (c) Article 350A was inserted by 7th Constitutional Amendment act 1956. It says, it shall be the endeavour of every State and of every local authority within the State to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups; and the President may issue such directions to any State as he considers necessary or proper for securing the provision of such facilities. Article 349 – Special Procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language; Article 350 – Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances; Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi language.